Narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances are known in the medical science to relieve human sufferings and ailments. These drugs and substances are indispensable for relief of pain and suffering but at the the same time lead to addiction and destruction when abused or misused. The need for converted action for the prevention and detection of drug menace can hardly be over-emphasised in view of the fact that drug abuse. drug trafficking, arms trafficking, money laundering, and narcoterrorism are some of the white-collar crimes faced by the new millennium. There may not be any part of the world which is free from the curse of drug addiction and drug trafficking. Millions of drug addicts all over the world are leading miserable life struggling between life and death. The problem of drug addiction and trafficking therein is the most pressing problem being faced by mankind today all over the globe and it has spread its tentacles to every nook and corner of life. Realising the danger of drug abuse and illicit trafficking therein, the Indian parliament enacted the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act in 1985 which has been amended by the NDPS (Amendment) Act No. 2 of 1989 and the NDPS (Amendment) Act No. 9 of 2001 and the Act has three fold approach - punitive, reformative and preventive.